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Collecting is a hobby for some, an obsession for others. In the 19th and early 20th century, the field of oology developed as thousands of bird-lovers and ornithologists around the world collected the eggs of wild birds. Ironically, as its popularity grew, a discipline that emerged out of a love for birds threatened the survival of many wild bird species. As a result, many states and countries passed laws forbidding the collecting of wild bird eggs. Many oological collections still exist, however—often with detailed information on the date, location, collector, and context of individual eggs or clutches. Fortunately, many of these collections are preserved in natural history museums around the world. Today, they illustrate the incredible beauty and ingenuity of nature, but they are also a rich source of information about the distribution of birds in the past, their diet and nesting habits, climate change, and even the growing levels of pollution life on earth has had to contend with.

The core of the Museum of Natural and Cultural History’s ornithological collections originated through the efforts of Dr. Albert G. Prill. Born in 1869, in Springville, New York, Prill graduated with an M.D. from the University of Buffalo in 1890. That year, he moved to Salem, and subsequently Lebanon, Oregon, before settling in Scio in 1896. While active as a physician and civic leader, Prill pursued his love of ornithology. With a permit from the Smithsonian Institution, Prill collected eggs from around the world and specimens were added through exchanges with other collectors and the efforts of the local community.

Returning from a trip to New York in 1900, Prill brought with him a large collection of skins and eggs assembled since he was a boy. In the late 1890s, he donated 600 specimens to San Francisco’s Golden Gate Park Museum (no Oregon schools were equipped to receive them) and other specimens went to the Smithsonian Institution and Oregon State University. Prill gave the bulk of his collection to the University of Oregon in 1945, including thousands of mounted birds, skins, nests and egg sets, all meticulously documented and preserved for future generations to study and enjoy. A sample of these eggs and their associated catalog cards are shown here, photographed by Chris White, text by Pam Endzweig and Jon Erlandson, and web development by Keith Hamm. Images © UO Museum of Natural and Cultural History. Production of this gallery was generously supported by The Ford Family Foundation.

Further Reading:

Bates, Carol.
1989    Scio in the Forks of the Santiam. C. Bates, Scio, Oregon.

Henderson, Carrol L.
2007    Oology and Ralph's Talking Eggs: Bird Conservation Comes Out of Its Shell. University of Texas Press, Austin.

Gaskell, Jeremy.
2000    Who Killed the Great Auk? Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Oregon Biographies Index.
2010 ~jtenlen/ORBios/bios-index.html, accessed May 2010.

Ardea herodias - Great Blue Heron
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Branta canadensis - Canada Goose
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Buteo lineatus - Red-shouldered Hawk
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Buteo swainsoni - Swainson's Hawk
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Buteo jamaicensis - Red-tailed Hawk
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Buteo regalis - Ferruginous Hawk
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Falco peregrinus - Peregrine
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Rallus limicola - Virginia Rail
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Grus canadensis - Sandhill Crane
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Charadrius vociferus - Killdeer
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Charadrius semipalmatus - Semipalmated Plover
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Numenius americanus - Long-billed Curlew
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Larus glaucoides - Iceland Gull
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Sterna forsteri - Forster's Tern
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Sterna paradisaea - Arctic Tern
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Cepphus grille - Black Guillemot
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Synthliboramphus hypoleucus - Xantus's Murrelet
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Zenaida macroura - Mourning Dove
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Eremophila alpestris - Horned Lark
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Troglodytes aedon - House Wren
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Hylocichla mustelina - Wood Thrush
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Bombycilla cedrorum - Cedar Waxwing
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Dendroica virens - Black-throated Green Warbler
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Dendroica discolor - Prairie Warbler
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Icteria virens - Yellow-breasted Chat
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Calamospizza melanocorys - Lark Bunting
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Calcarius ornatus - Chestnut-collared Longspur
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Pheucticus ludoicianus - Red-breasted Grosbeak
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Pheucticus melanocephalus - Black-headed Grosbeak
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Passer domesticus - House Sparrow
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